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Types of Gum Disease

Types of Gum DiseaseGum disease is a common condition that affects a large percentage of American adults. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve outcomes and increase the chances of recovery. Once gum disease has advanced, tissue, bone and tooth loss can occur. Several types of gum disease exist, including gingivitis and periodontitis.


The earliest stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis. During this stage, your gums may appear red and swollen, and they may bleed easily. Gingivitis most frequently develops in response to poor dental hygiene, and this type of gum disease is often reversible with the right treatments. Good dental hygiene, balanced nutrition and regular professional care can prevent more advanced periodontal disease. You may be more prone to gingivitis if you have diabetes, hormonal fluctuations, are pregnant, abuse alcohol or other substances, have HIV, are diabetic, smoke, have systemic diseases or use certain medications.


Gingivitis that is not treated appropriately can develop into periodontitis. The inflammation spreads beyond the gums, and the body develops a chronic inflammatory response to the bacteria in the plaque. As the condition spreads, the infection can affect the tissues and bones that support the tooth. Pockets develop around the teeth, and the infection spreads far below the surface. Symptoms of gingivitis tend to be mild and easily missed, but symptoms of periodontitis tend to be more noticeable. Teeth may look longer as the gums recede, and stubborn bad breath can persist. The teeth may fit together differently or even feel loose. Treatment for this type of gum disease includes controlling the spread of infection, grafts to replace lost tissues and implants to support restorations for teeth that have been lost.

If you have symptoms of periodontal disease, we can help. Contact us today to schedule your consultation.



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