What are the Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease?
1. Tobacco use
Smokers and other tobacco users are extremely susceptible to gum disease. Limiting or quitting smoking is the best way to mitigate this risk.
Aggressive periodontal disease can affect otherwise-healthy people and is often linked to genetics. Research reveals that this susceptibility may be alleviated with early interventions and preventative treatments.
People over 35 are at an increased risk of developing periodontal disease, and that risk continues to increase with age. In fact, nearly three-fourths of those over 65 have periodontitis.
Oral contraceptives, some heart medications and some anti-depressants can increase the risk of gum sensitivity and leave you more prone to periodontal disease.
5. Systemic diseases
Diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular disease and other systemic conditions can lead to chronic, widespread inflammation and increase your risk of periodontal disease.
6. Obesity or nutritional inadequacies
A lack of nutrients can leave your body less able to combat infection. Poor nutrition does not necessarily cause periodontal disease, but it can make it harder for your body to heal the initial infection, which can lead to more severe forms of the condition.
Stress can be a risk factor in periodontal disease because it compromises your body’s ability to fight infection. It can also lead to bruxism, or tooth grinding, which weakens both the teeth and gums.