Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that is caused by the bacteria contained in plaque. These bacteria create toxic byproducts that irritate the gums, which can then become inflamed. If the plaque is not removed so that the gums have a chance to heal, the inflammation can become chronic. The immune system responds by breaking down the gums and bone. Our Los Angeles dental implant specialist, Dr. Afar, recommends good dental hygiene and regular dental care, which can help reduce the risk of developing periodontitis.
Many people miss the early signs of gum disease, but as the condition progresses, pockets of infection develop between the gums and the teeth. These pockets can be difficult to clean, and plaque and tartar can build up between the teeth and the gums. If periodontitis is not discovered and treated, teeth can loosen and even require extraction. The infection can progress even deeper into the oral cavity and damage the jawbone.
Chronic periodontitis is the most common form of the condition. Gums may become not just inflamed but may also recede from the teeth. Periodontitis can also occur alongside certain systemic illnesses, including diabetes or heart disease. In some cases, genetics can increase an otherwise-healthy person’s risk and cause aggressive periodontitis.
Periodontitis often begins quietly and subtly. The best way to reduce your risk of developing this dental health-threatening condition is to brush your teeth twice a day, floss daily and visit our dentist at least every six months for a professional cleaning and dental exam. Contact us today to schedule your next checkup with Dr. Afar.