All people have both beneficial and harmful bacteria in their mouths. Brushing and flossing regularly can help minimize the harmful effects of these bacteria and promote good dental health. In some cases, however, harmful bacteria can lead to changes that have significant implications for oral health.
A University of Michigan study recently revealed that the bacterium that is responsible for gum disease may be responsible for bone damage as well. According to researchers, the bacterium associated with the onset of gum disease alters proteins that usually protect the oral cavity. The lead author announced that NI1060, the bacterium responsible for gum disease, can trigger Nod1, a protein that usually protects against harmful bacteria in the body.
Once triggered, Nod1 becomes dangerous and can begin destroying bone. Although Nod1 is a protective protein and usually combats bacterial infections throughout the body, once NI1060 begins to accumulate in the oral cavity, the effects of Nod1 are reversed. The proteins then begin destroying the bone that supports the teeth.
Identifying the bacterium responsible for gum disease is considered a major discovery, but identifying its mechanism of action can help researchers develop more effective and more personalized gum disease treatments for their patients.
Our Los Angeles dental implants specialist offers a range of treatments for those with various stages of gum disease from gingivitis to advanced periodontitis. Both surgical and nonsurgical treatments are available. We also offer dental implants to restore lost teeth. Contact our office today to schedule a consultation and learn more about your options.